Birdoswald Fort

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Birdoswald Fort: Birdoswald stands high above a meander in the River Irthing, in one of the most picturesque settings on Hadrian's Wall. A Roman fort, turret and milecastle can all be seen on this excellent stretch of the Wall. With probably the best-preserved defences of any Wall fort, this was an important base for some 1,000 Roman soldiers, succeeding an earlier fort of turf and timber. The section of Wall to the east, also of stone replacing turf, is the longest continuous stretch visible today. Archaeological discoveries over the past 150 years have revealed a great deal about Roman military life at Birdoswald. Three of the four main gateways of the fort have been unearthed, as have the outside walls, two granary buildings, workshops and a unique drill hall. People continued to live at Birdoswald after the Roman withdrawal. In the 5th century a large timber hall was built over the collapsed Roman granaries, perhaps for a local British chieftain. Later, a medieval tower house was raised here, replaced in the 16th century by a fortified 'bastle' farmhouse designed to protect its inhabitants from the notorious 'Border Reivers'. Later still in more peaceful times, a farmhouse stood here.

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Cumbria, England, Great Britain, UK, Europe
Milecastle 49, Birdoswald Fort Hadrians Wall, Harrows Scar Milecastle, Willowford Wall Turrets, Willowford Wall Turrets And Bridge, Hadrians Wall


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Willowford Wall Turrets

A fine 914 metre (2,999 feet) stretch of Wall, including two turrets and impressive bridge remains beside the River Irthing. Linked by a bridge to Birdoswald Roman Fort.

Opening times:

Never closes



Harrows Scar Milecastle

A mile-long section of the Wall, rebuilt in stone later in Hadrian's reign. It is linked to Birdoswald Roman Fort.

Opening times:

Never closes




How to get here


2 3/4 miles west of Greenhead off B6318. Signposted from A69

Admission Birdoswald Fort

Opening times (1 April - 30 September):
10:00 AM - 5:30 PM10:00 AM - 5:30 PM10:00 AM - 5:30 PM10:00 AM - 5:30 PM10:00 AM - 5:30 PM10:00 AM - 5:30 PM10:00 AM - 5:30 PM

Opening times (1 October - 1 November):
10:00 AM - 4:00 PM10:00 AM - 4:00 PM10:00 AM - 4:00 PM10:00 AM - 4:00 PM10:00 AM - 4:00 PM10:00 AM - 4:00 PM10:00 AM - 4:00 PM



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Address: Birdoswald Fort (Hadrian's Wall), Cumbria - CA8 7DD, UK
Phone: +44 1697 747602
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